Facts You Should Know About Coronavirus

It is a known fact that the World Health Organisation have declared Covid 19 as a pandemic owing to the nature and pattern it has affected virtually every country in the world directly or indirectly …

Let’s begin by asking what is Corona Virus?
Is a virus DAT attack d lung’s. Corona virus simply is the causative organism of COVID-19. It’s an RNA virus that affects human beings and animals

How can a human being be infected with this virus ?

It is a zoonotic disease… meaning infection is usually from animals to man.
But however human to human transmission has been established, currently what’s bothering the whole world.
Human to human infection occurs as aerosol in most cases. Infection occurs when an infected individual coughs, sneezes or talks therefore releasing the virus into the air, another susceptible person then inhales the virus into the respiratory tract
Also, the released viruses settle on surfaces so an individual can actually get infected when he/she touches the surface which harbours the virus and rubs the infected hand on his nose, mouth or eyes
That means animals are the reservoirs for this virus .. pls is there certain category of animals that harbour the virus or it can found in all animals
So after an individual is infected , what is the incubation period ?
Incubation period is the time between exposure to infection. It’s usually between 7 to 14 days

So what are the signs and symptoms of Covid_19
The symptoms are what the individual experiences.

They include and most commonly fever, almost always fever and as the first inmost cases.

Flu like symptoms which include body weakness, general feeling of unwell, sneezing

Cough which is initially dry that’s without sputum production and later becomes productive of sputum

Diarrhoea

Shortness of breath
So after experiencing some or all of these symptoms, is there a definitive diagnostic investigation to confirm its covid 19?
Yes however not readily available in most centres here. Samples are taken to Abuja where diagnosis is made.

However, clinically it can be suspected when an individual present with the above mentioned symptoms and has a history of contact with either an infected person or a person recent travel to endemic regions like wuhan in china, Italy, Spain, US, UK or Lagos, Abuja etc

So can covid_19 be cured and how is a patient managed ?
Yes it can be cured.

Most viral infection are self limiting meanwhile the host immune system clears the virus.

However no drug has been approved in Nigeria for treatment.

The current treatment is basically supportive care, the main problem leading to death in most cases is the shortness of breath, so ventilators are used which are machines that take over the breathing of the patient.

Other supportive treatment include antibiotics to prevent superimposed bacterial infection, hydration, nutrition and isolation which is key to prevent further infections
This is even the most important because in the case of COVID-19 prevention is actually better than cure.

First and foremost is to prevent as much as possible contact by staying at home.

If one has to go out he/she should use a face mask and maintain social distance at least 1metre with everybody.

Regular hand sanitization with alcohol based hand sanitizer.

Avoid unnecessary touching your eyes, nose or mouth with your hands

Research are currently on going on vaccines

So there is no vaccine yet..
Is a patient immune to the virus after recovering as in the case of some other viral infections like measles?
It’s has been thought of but however re-infection has been documented

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Going back to the mode of transmission at what stage of the disease can an infected individual spread the virus … and are some patients asymptomatic?
They are infective at all stages of the disease however it’s most during first week of infection.

Some individuals can be infected and their immune system clears the infection so they remain without symptoms.

Going to management .. it has been reported that some countries like the US have approved the use of hydrochloroquine in treatment, how safe it is?
Chloroquine is a safe drug used in treatment of malaria, however some people do react to it and it has not been approved in Nigeria